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Humans must maintain control in the decision-making process in the field of artificial intelligence

Humans must maintain control in the decision-making process in the field of artificial intelligence

Humans must maintain control in the decision-making process in the field of artificial intelligence

Future Investment Initiative Conference held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, October 25, 2022

Artificial intelligence is now an established part of our lives and is evolving exponentially, with its expanding use. It’s not yet just our imaginations, because technology itself has limits – for now. However, advanced AI has a chance to heal our nations of discrimination or abuse to help with human rights egregious atrocities.

A panel discussion at the Future Investment Initiative conference last month, titled “Preparing for Conscious AI,” discussed the potential impact of AI. Sensation has been defined as the ability to “think, perceive, and feel, in a most natural, compassionate way”. British scientist Alan Turing developed a standard test – now known as the Turing test – in 1950 to judge whether a computer is self-aware and can answer a series of questions that are indistinguishable from a human. After using chatbots for customer service, I think we are still a long way from achieving that.

Omdena CEO Rudradeb Mitra spoke about how AI can remove human bias in many areas, one example of which is recruitment. However, he made it clear that algorithms are only as good as their programming and that humans will need to be careful not to transfer their biases to the data they enter. For example, if a computer searches for the best candidate to be an engineer and looks at past data on the traits that made the most successful engineers, it may exclude women, as there were far fewer trained and employed female engineers in the past. Therefore, care must be taken not to prepare the data with discriminatory bias.

Mitra believes that the right algorithms can have a very positive effect. He said, “We have a good chance of using AI to build a more just society, with equal opportunities for all, without human bias, without favoring one over the other. The more bias we build, the more society is divided; in turn, we can use AI to be more ethical. And create more opportunities.

Intuition and context, without prejudice, are vital to maintaining our humanity and our basic human rights

Dr.. Bashayer Al Majid

As mentioned, there is a risk of significant abuse with AI, not least the impact on the right to privacy. Many companies and IT platforms share their users’ data, with no or limited option to opt out if you want to use their services. The ease with which data can be shared makes people extremely vulnerable. In extreme dictatorships, information can be used against citizens, reminiscent of George Orwell’s dystopian novel “1984.” Not only can it be used to limit people’s freedoms in general, but as DNA sequences increase we’re igniting highly controversial topics such as governments dictating who can and who can’t have children together to avoid disabilities, as well as general genetic discrimination over occupational freedoms, such as in Hollywood movie “Gattaca”.

On the other hand, those who do not have access to IT become invisible and unable to access services. The homeless, for example, who are already weak and suffer from high levels of discrimination, become even less of a part of society, even in relation to the concept of simple money. In a world where technology controls how we pay for food, those who are not “connected” to the network cannot pay. They are losing more of their identity – losing the ability to obtain the essential resources needed to survive, especially since fewer services are now being run by humans. Instead, they are powered by artificial intelligence robots, which have no empathy. Since they are currently unable to get all the answers, the system can lead people to a dead end.

For some of us, this can be incredibly frustrating, as it may be the difference between whether or not you accept a business loan. For others, who need the resource in question to survive until the next day, it could literally be life or death.

Antonio Simeone, co-founder of Euklid, stated that as we develop this technology, there must be a strong bridge between scientists, policy makers and companies in writing a framework of ethical constraints. I would say this needs to be more global, with all global parties coming together to integrate and design this framework. It needs a full international council to ensure integrity and security.

Mozn’s CEO, Muhammad Al-Hussein, was optimistic that in the near future we could have access to an AI that could “feel” or make decisions, but was cynical that it wouldn’t require human input to provide context and compassion in life or death situations.

The Commission concluded that human decisions consist of more than just data. We also use intuition and context. Artificial intelligence is changing the world, with great innovations that improve lives, perhaps at a faster rate than we can keep up. As technology advances, we must be careful not to lose control and ensure that context in decision-making is preserved. We must either make sure we use diverse teams to check the input data for biases or carefully program the AI ​​to allow it to do it for us. Intuition and context, without prejudice, are vital to maintaining our humanity and our basic human rights.

  • Dr. Bashayer Al-Majed is Professor of Law at Kuwait University and a Visiting Fellow at the University of Oxford. Twitter: @BashayerAlMajed

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed by authors in this section are their own and do not necessarily reflect Arab News’ views


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