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Why climate change is so devastating to us… | Express Tribune

But, isn’t it for India? think about it. They are also affected by the same phenomenon in the same region and in the same period. In fact, the monsoon is making its way to Pakistan a month after it hits India – officially mid-June. And what we get and where we get in terms of precipitation largely depends on the great weather pattern that arises in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the neighboring Pakistani region of Sindh and southern Punjab but only after the monsoons have laid off most of their load in India and if they still have some juice left in them . Usually, only a sufficiently strong wave would reach the western reaches of Pakistan. (Monsoon rains fall more heavily in eastern parts of Pakistan than Rawalpindi says, and rarely in Peshawar.) The effect of the model is mainly how deep the decline is in Rajasthan.

There is much more for those who need to know more about how the west-forward slope increases turbulence or how the very high-altitude intertropical convergence zone interacts with polar mass. But leave that to the experts. For most of us this year, all possible patterns have mixed up to give us a flood that we can consider a blessing if we know how to manage and control the impact or a curse if we remain at the mercy of nature without understanding or a way to deal with when we are experiencing a flood. Although we must look at it from the angle of climate change and how its plight can be mitigated.

Here’s a simpler explanation: If you’ve ever lived in the prairie – vast open grasslands with no tree in between – you’ll notice a pattern of frequent hurricanes that slice miles of land and cause massive damage to crops, lives, and infrastructure. The American Midwest, home to a long and endless stretch of prairie, is one such area where hurricanes are frequent and destroy large areas. Its origin is a very local low pressure at the surface which increases so strongly as it travels over Earth that nothing is going to disrupt its formation. With no well-developed structures, buildings as in cities—population centers scattered and scattered—and not a tree or hill in between for miles at the end, the phenomenon picks up more speed, laterally and circularly within, reaching hundreds of miles per hour with the consequences of widespread destruction in its path. . It finally fades when it is expended with ground friction or against physical fixtures that will dismantle its structure. Halting or disrupting the cycle of formation of such climatic patterns is the first intervention that human genius can and should make to avoid widespread devastation.

Forests over large areas, with their own environmental impact, disrupt weather patterns in their formation and leave a neutralizing effect when the phenomenon moves to gain momentum and intensity. The lower temperatures common in hotter regions can be mitigated by such green developments. Pakistan has the highest rate of deforestation in the world. Since 1947, forest cover has decreased from 33 percent to only 5 percent and continues to decline at a rate of 1-2 percent each year with the increase in population. Without planned mitigation with a well-anticipated replacement strategy, sweating can lead to even greater disasters including the loss of topsoil being destroyed. In comparison, India maintains a forest cover of more than 22 percent of its land.

So while the monsoon pattern over India this year was exactly the same, even more severe because it has to travel through India to get to Pakistan, the factors of increase in India were much less than in Pakistan. This will always hold true when extreme weather patterns form because the mitigation that India has naturally maintained and conscious will save it from the severity and devastating impact of the extreme climate. In contrast, Pakistan has paid little attention and lacks mechanisms to mitigate the increasing phenomenon of severe weather. It may still be time to make up. Next, we must plant trees by the billions over vast tracts dedicated to saving our future generations from the plight of extreme climate change if we truly hope to survive as a civilization.

to another mitigation and control strategy. The entire South Asia region is home to two of the world’s largest river systems and the largest group of glaciers outside of the polar regions. These provide the largest reservoir of fresh water supplies to feed the billions that live on both sides of the Himalayas and Karakorams, two of the world’s longest and highest mountain ranges. The Indus and Brahmaputra, which originated in the Himalayas and crossed Tibet, India and Pakistan, Tibet, China, India and Bangladesh respectively get from those glaciers. When temperatures are hotter, glaciers melt faster and become a source of added water in rivers. Exacerbated by monsoon rains, especially when they are heavy due to climate change and severe weather, it becomes impossible to manage the deluge. It spills beyond the capacity of most waterways and turns into floods that destroy habitat, flora and fauna. Deprivation, poverty, lack of access to means of survival and disease spread. Biblical accounts refer to entire civilizations being washed away by terrible floods.

The Brahmaputra has a series of large dams built by China, India and Bangladesh. India has built many small and large dams on the tributaries of Indus, Sindh, Chenab and Jhelum although they flow in a much longer course in Pakistan. Unfortunately, we were sitting idly by making noises that were often out of place and rhetorical. As a result, the live storage capacity of Pakistan which used to be 16.26 million acres has now shrunk to only about 13 maf which meets only 30 days of water supply for the entire nation. India has the capacity to carry over 170 days in comparison and Egypt 700 days. What was 5,000 cubic meters of water available per capita in 1947 is now less than 900 which has driven us to water-scarce nations. The nightmare of an agriculture-based economy. We can only store 10 percent of the water that comes our way in rivers. The rest is lost at sea or lost in absurd consumption.

Dams store water and provide electricity. It also controls, manages and directs the waters in training courses which Pakistan was fortunate to inherit from the British. The largest canal based irrigation system in Punjab and the rest of the country is live storage which is still unused through efficient use by channeling excess water as was available this year. More dams and more canals would double this capacity, but it has remained unchecked in prioritizing policy for long gestation periods. Politicians instead prefer regions that get an immediate political return. As for India, it has saved the wrath for its better conception and understanding of phenomena and their arms of control and management.

Posted in The Express Tribune, September 23research and development2022.

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